Why is Surface Roughness So Important in Manufacturing?

Surface roughness is a component of surface texture and plays an important roll in determining how an object will interact with its environment. Roughness is a good indicator of the performance of a mechanical component, since irregularities on the surface may form nucleation sites for cracks or corrosion. In tribology, rough surfaces usually wear more quickly and may have higher friction coefficients than smooth surfaces. For some applications, roughness may be desired to promote adhesion for cosmetic finish coatings such as painting, powder coating or plating.

Surface roughness, or the texture of a surface, is a calculation of the relative roughness of a surface profile using a single numeric parameter Ra. Ra is the arithmetic average of surface heights measured across a surface, Ra surface finish. Simply average the height across the microscopic peaks and valleys. Surface roughness can be measured by a profilometer, a surface profile measurement tool. It basically reflects the average height of roughness component irregularities from a mean line. Ra surface finish provides a simple value for accept or reject decisions.

Maintaining surface finish is critical for manufacturers and engineers to produce consistent and reliable production processes for each product. Where precision surface engineering is required, surface measurement may be a key element of maintaining control of the manufacturing, by monitoring the process to ensure it is within certain specifications. Mass finishing allows for the mechanical finishing of many parts simultaneously. Mass finishing may be used to deburr, descale, brighten, and polish parts. Mass deburring is considered a ‘loose-abrasive’ method in which batches of parts are vibrated or tumbled in specifically designed tubs or barrels along with an abrasive media. Finishing media may be produced from organic, and preformed metallic, ceramic, or resin-bonded plastic materials. There are different finishing techniques used to achieve a high-quality surface finish. ISO Finishing has developed and documented processes to ensure each finished part exceeds the most demanding requirements to achieve consistent results.

Surface finish usually refers to a level of polishing or texture intended for the part or component surface. Some parts may require simple burr removal to allow them to enter the next phase of production. Other parts may require complete polishing if they are finished goods. The desired finish of a job depends on the product application, material, and type of finish your part requires.

ISO Finishing specializes in vibratory finishing, high energy polishing, and micro-precision surface finish improvement. Through our innovative finishing solutions and industry leading delivery times, ISO Finishing has become the go-to finishing resource for Fortune 500 manufacturers to small business owners alike. We can process very small 1 cubic millimeter parts, as large as 9-1/2” diameter by 26” long, or a 3” diameter by 32” long component. Serving industry leaders in additive manufacturing, aerospace/aviation, defense/military, dental, firearm, injection molding, medical, OEM, and performance motorsport markets. ISO Finishing is known for quality metal finishing expertise on titanium, aluminum, stainless steel, carbon steel, brass and copper. We also have the proven ability to offer customized finishes on plastic, rubber, silicone, and ceramic parts. ISO Finishing is committed to provide unsurpassed customer satisfaction by maintaining the highest quality finishing solutions.

Ra Surface Finish Chart | Surface Roughness Chart

There are wide ranging variations in finishing and edge conditions. Listed are some of the more common manufacturing techniques and their corresponding Ra surface finish values. See how ISO Finishing compares to common metal manufacturing practices.surface-finishing-chart